A varicocele is the swelling of the veins inside the scrotum of a male. Any abnormality in the veins that hinders the flow of blood, can cause the veins to swell; when this occurs in the scrotum, this is known as a varicocele. Varicocele can impact the quality of sperm and the reproductive ability of a man if not dealt with promptly by Urologist in Lahore.
Varicoceles are common in men, particularly between ages 15 to 25. The swelling of these veins is so small that most men don’t even notice it, especially because it is a painless condition.
Varicoceles are fairly common, especially during puberty. This is the time when there is a surge of testosterone in the body and the size of the testicles is increasing. The growing testicles require more blood, and if the valves in the scrotal veins are not working well as they should, the blood can back up, leading to varicocele.
How to tell if you have varicocele?
The signs of symptoms of a varicocele include an uncomfortably heavy feeling in the scrotum with a dull ache. Sometimes, one testicle can feel or appear heavier than the other, or there can be a painless lump in the testicle. Upon palpation, varicocele can feel like a bag of worms since the veins that are swollen are quite small.
If you have the aforementioned symptoms, it is important to seek help promptly from your healthcare provider. After a thorough history, your healthcare provider will perform physical examination to rule in varicocele and rule out other possibilities. They will check the area around the scrotum for lumps, and swelling or tenderness in the regional lymph nodes. They may also perform an ultrasound to check the flow of blood in the venous plexus of the scrotum. This can tell positively if there is a varicocele or not.
What is the treatment of varicocele?
Mostly, this condition needs no special therapeutic measures. However, a doctor may prescribe an over-the-counter pain medication to deal with mild discomfort or pain. Patients of varicocele are advised to wear snug underwear or a jock strap to provide support to the scrotal venous plexus. The additional support is sometimes enough to bring relief.
In some cases, where the varicocele is not getting better, surgery might be recommended. The type of surgery to treat varicocele is called varicocelectomy. This procedure is performed by a urologist, on an outpatient basis, under local or general anesthesia.
What is varicocelectomy?
Varicocelectomy is performed commonly through the laparoscope. A Laparoscope is a camera with light on its end, which is inserted into the body through a small incision. The advantage of a laparoscopic surgery is that the incision is small and the downtime after surgery is less in comparison to an open procedure.
Once the surgeon or the Best Urologist in Islamabad inserts the laparoscope into the body, other tools are used to cut the enlarged veins in the scrotum that are blocking the flow of blood. These veins are then sealed off using cautery or small clamps. Your surgeon can also opt for an open procedure in which a single large incision is made to treat the veins.